Cheap Travel Hunter Guide – Munich, Germany
Munich (München in German) is Germany’s third-largest city with 1.3 million inhabitants, but it is definitely the city most Germans say they would prefer to live in – a relatively rich city with a high quality of life.
For tourists, Munich is, after Berlin, the most rewarding city in Germany. It has a rich history with varied cultural offerings. Perhaps most famous for its Oktoberfest and beer in general, it also has fine museums. The Pinakotheken represents one of the largest art collections in Europe and the Deutsches Museum is one of the biggest science and technology museums in the world.
Munich has been a royal residence for seven centuries and has some of the most splendid Baroque palaces in Europe with the Residenz, Schloss Nymphenburg and Schloss Schließheim trio. The wide variety of architecture ranges from old Gothic churches to the modern glass, tent-like roof of the 1972 Olympic Games Stadium and the BMW Headquarters.
Munich was established in the 9th century as a tiny settlement adjacent to a Benedictine abbey. Its name is originated from the ancient German word for monk. Sometime during the year 1225, the town was transformed into a ducal seat and in 1504 it became the definite capital of Bavaria. It persisted as the main residence for the reigning Wittelsbach dynasty until the abolition of the monarchy in 1918. The Wittelsbach were enthusiastic builders who erected various palaces and cathedrals, and many other constructions, which occupied entire city blocks. Bavaria became kingdom in 1806 and the kings were mostly enlightened leaders who enticed artistic talent to the city.
After World War I, Munich temporarily fell into the hands of anarchists who established the National Socialist German Labor Party – universally known as the Nazis. During the year 1923, their leader, Adolf Hitler, ineffectively attempted a coup d’état, but soon he got in command and Munich became the “Capital of the Movement”. Numerous buildings were raised or transformed, in order to fulfill the Nazi visions.
The infamous meeting where Britain, France, and Italy sold out Czechoslovakia took place in Munich, in 1938.
The city suffered terrible bombings during the war but it was quickly restored afterwards. On December 15, 1957, it officially became a city with a million inhabitants. In 1972, it hosted the Summer Olympic Games and two years later, Germany won the soccer world cup in the Olympic Stadium.