Eiffel Tower – The Most Amazing Tourist Attraction in Paris
Eiffel Tower – The Most Amazing Tourist Attraction in Paris (French: La Tour Eiffel) is an iron lattice tower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris. It was named after Gustave Eiffel, who designed and built the tower. Erected in 1889, it has become both a global cultural icon of France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world. The tower is the tallest structure in Paris. More than 6.98 million people visited it in 2011. The tower is 1.063 feet tall, about the same height as an 81-storey building.
The tower has three levels open for visitors. The first and second level are with restaurants, while the third level is observatory's upper platform, 906 feet above the ground – the highest accessible to the public in Europe. To climb from ground level to the first level, you need to ascend 300 steps. Eiffel Tower – the most amazing tourist attraction in Paris was inaugurated in 1889 at the same time with the first Exposition: "The 1889 Exposition".
The tower itself is located at the intersection of the Quai Branly and Pont d'lena. More than 250 million people have visited the tower since 1889, and in 2012 there were 6.180.000 visitors. The Eiffel Tower is the most-visited monument in the world. The tower's restaurants, "Le 58 tour Eiffel", on the first floor and "Le Jules Verne", a gourmet restaurant on the second floor are the most visited restaurants in the Paris. These restaurants have one star in the Michelin Red Guide, ran by the multi-Michelin star chef, Alain Ducasse. The iron structure of the Eiffel Tower weighs about 7.300 tons, while the entire structure including the non-metal components is approximately 10.000 tons. Depending on the ambient temperature, the top of the tower may shift away from the sun by up to 18cm because of thermal expansion of the metal on the side facing the sun.
The Eiffel Tower is the most amazing tourist attraction in Paris, and because it’s so big, wind forces are of great importance. Many people were shocked by its daring shape. People thought that the Eiffel Tower was created without any regard to engineering, however Gustave and his engineers, as experienced bridge builders, understood the importance of wind forces. If they wanted to create the tallest building in the world, they had to be certain it would withstand against powerful winds. And the Eiffel Tower does.