Liberty Enlightening the World – The Statue of Liberty
Liberty Enlightening the World – The Statue of Liberty is situated on Liberty Island in the center of New York, Manhattan. The statue is a colossal neoclassical sculpture, designed by Frederic Auguste Bartholdi.
The statue is a gift from France to the US. The statue’s female figure represents Libertas, the Roman goddess of freedom. She carries a torch in her right hand and a tabula ansata in her left hand (a tablet evoking the law). This tablet contains the date of the American Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776.
The statue embodies the icon of freedom for the United States, a greeting message to immigrants coming from abroad. The inspiration for Bartholdi in designing Liberty Enlightening the World (The Statue of Liberty) was Édouard René de Laboulaye, a French law professor and politician who said that "any monument raised to American independence would properly be a joint project of the French and American people".
Liberty Enlightening the World – The Statue of Liberty was built in France, shipped in crates to the United States and assembled on Liberty Island, which was called Bedloe's Island at that time. Once the statue was completed, President Grover Cleveland held a dedication ceremony.
The statue has 151 feet height (46 meters). Torch's height is 305 feet (93 meters). The statue was dedicated to the United States in October 28, 1886, and it was restored multiple times: in 1938, between 1984-1986 and between 2011-2012.
More than 3.2 million tourists visited the statue in 2009. The Statue of Liberty or Liberty Enlightening the World is currently administered by the U.S. National Park Service. In past, the statue was administered by the United States Lighthouse Board until 1901 and by the Department of War until 1933.
Édouard René de Laboulaye said: "If a monument should rise in the United States, as a memorial to their independence, I should think it only natural if it were built by united effort – a common work of both our nations".
Bartholdi was also inspired by American history. In early American history, two female figures were frequently used as cultural symbols of the nation. A copper table beneath the huge figure declares: "it is a colossal statue representing Liberty".
The Statue o Liberty or Liberty Enlightening the World is open for public, but you need to pay for boat transport. The statue and Liberty Island were immediately closed for public after the September 11 attacks. Due to the US Federal Government, Liberty Island was closed for public during October 2013, but in the present, both Liberty Island and the statue are open for public.