Most Important Tourist Attractions In Germany (II)
Though it remains far less well known or understood by foreigners than some other European countries, since its reunification, Germany has gained a much higher profile as a travel destination.Last week we gave you three of the things you shouldn’t miss when visiting Germany. This week we conclude our series of themost important tourist attractions in Germany with three more historical objectives.
4. Brandenburg Gate
There’s no other monument in Germany as famous as the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin.It was built between 1789 and 1791, by order of William II and the plans of CG Langhans,right within the heart of Berlin, PariserPlatz. Although Brandenburg Gate – “Brandenburger Tor” in German– was designed as a symbol of peace, it had a tumultuous fate.The Quadriga ensemble, which dominates the gigantic structure,was transported to Paris at Napoleon’s orders. It was returned from Paris in 1914, when the olive branch in Victoria’s hand was replaced with a Prussian Eagle and an Iron Cross. Nazis used Brandenburg Gate as a symbol and after Berlin’s dividing,the monument remained right on the border between the Eastern Berlin and the Western Russian sector. After the Berlin Wall was rebuilt in 1961, the Brandenburg Gate became impassable for 28 years. Today, the monumental Brandenburg Gate is both a symbol of Germany’s reunification and definitely one of themost important tourist attractions in Germany, being the link between Germany’s past and present. Six Doric columns support the Brandenburg Gate, forming five passageways with pedestrian-only access. The famous bronze Quadriga depicting the goddess Victoria riding on a chariot with four horses was added in 1794. Brandenburg Gate was made after Propylaea, the gateway to the Acropolis in Athens.
5. The Berlin Wall
Between 1961 and 1989, The Berlin Wall – Berliner Mauer – was dividing the city and the entire Germany in half. Most part of the concrete structure no longer exists today, but the fragments left standing are hallmark of the city, and one of the most important tourist attractions in Germany.There is a route for pedestrian and cyclist enthusiasts, divided into 14 sections, which follows the course of the former impassable wall.The route has 30 spots with information panels,which tell the story of Berlin’s Wall.
Located in Dresden, the Frauenkirche (Church of Our Lady) is a Lutheran church that was completely destroyed during WWII. The church reconstructed using original plans from the 1720s and reopened in 2005. The city of Coventry, which was raided by the Luftwaffe, donated the golden cross for the dome of the church. Since its reopening, the Frauenkirche has been one of the most important tourist attractions in Germany. In 2009 the church was visited by President Barack Obama.