The small cobblestoned streets of Québec City’s Old Quarter offer their visitors an entrance to a bygone era. Québec, the capital and most important city of Canada's Québec Province, is the hallmark of French Canada in terms of both history and culture, even though Montreal, which is located 160 miles away, also nearby the St. Lawrence River, dwarfs the city in both population and surface. Most of the tourist attractions in Québec City, Canada reflect its intense and vibrant culture.
1. La Citadelle de Québec
La Citadelle de Québec Rue St-Louis at Cote de la Citadelle Québec
QC, Canada, G1R 3R2
La Citadelle de Québec, a stronghold designed by the British during the first half of the nineteenth century, lies on sacred ground that witnessed over three centuries of Québec City’s military action. Besides being one of the most popular tourist attractions in Québec City, Canada, La Citadelle is also an important army encampment, home to the sole French-speaking infantry regiment in the Canadian defense force. If you’re in Québec between late June and early September, make sure you visit the Citadelle right before 10:00 AM, to observe the daily changing of the guard, which is a 45-minute ceremony. Two guided tours, which are 60 and 90 minutes in length, are also available. On-site you will find a museum with exhibits that chronicle the history of the Citadelle and the francophone regiment that is currently garrisoned there.
2. Musée de la Civilisation
Musée de la Civilisation 85, rue Dalhousie Québec
QC, Canada, G1K 7A6
Located within the lower riverfront portion of Quebec’s Old Quarter, this museum is a relatively new addition to the most important tourist attractions in Québec City, Canada. It’s dedicated to chronicling the history of mankind with a particular emphasis on the history of Québec and Canada. Special exhibitions target various aspects of world’s history and culture. For instance, during the summer of 2010, special exhibitions displayed Africa’s assistance to the evolution of music worldwide, and science’s attempts to discover the meaning of human thought. The museum’s permanent exhibitions focus on the folklore of Québec, its past and present and the historical relationship between the Québeckers and Canada’s autochthonous First Nations. Throughout the summer months, Musée de la Civilisation offers guided tours of its permanent exhibitions, with lengths between 45 and 60 minutes. The museum, which also has a souvenir shop and a cafeteria-style restaurant nearby, is open daily throughout the summer months, and closed on Mondays from early September till late June.
Place-Royale 27, rue Notre-Dame Québec
QC, Canada, G1K A85
Place-Royale is the spiritual core of Québec City and French Canada. This cobblestoned plaza, located in the lower sector of the Old Quarter marks the place where the French explorer Samuel de Champlain placed his quarters during the summer of 1608. The cathedral of Notre Dame des Victoires dominates one side of the square and lays on the land once occupied by Champlain. Place-Royale’s visitor center is a great place to begin your journey through this history-rich establishment. Here you can watch the movie “Facing Champlain: A Work in Three Dimensions”, which reveals the history of the area and makes your stay more meaningful. Place-Royale is one of the most important tourist attractions in Québec City, Canada.